Mange is a rather common disease in household pets.
Dogs are primarily susceptible to two forms of mange, Demodectic mange (red mange) and Sarcoptic mange. Demodectic mange is generally seen in dogs less than two years of age. These mange mites are passed to puppy’s skin from their mothers. Demodectic mange mites live in the hair and oil (sebaceous) follicles of the skin. The first signs of this disease are patchy areas of hair loss about the head and forelegs, which do not itch and do not appear inflamed. These areas may spontaneously resolve or become larger until a large area of the pet’s skin is involved. It is considerably rarer in cats. A few of these parasites are present in the skin of many or all normal dogs. However dogs which develop disease have a defect in their immune system (T-cell defect) and can not keep the number of mites under control. The only product approved for use on Demodectic mange in the United States is amitraz (Mitaban). This concentrated liquid is diluted to a dip and the entire animal is immersed and scrubbed in the solution every two weeks until no living parasites can be seen under a microscope. A compound named benzyl benzoate cream was once used to treat small areas of infection. It is no longer believed to be effective. I will sometimes mix a 10% solution of Amitraz in propylene glycol and have the owner first cleanse and then massage this solution into isolated lesions. I have had good success in curing small areas of Demodectic mange in this way. The effectiveness of treatment is hard to evaluate because small lesions often go away by themselves. Shar Pei dogs are notorious for their susceptibility to Demodectic mange. When amitraz (Mitaban) dips fail to halt the infection, I have had good success in placing these dogs on daily oral ivermectin. This product is sold as Ivomec 1% and the dose I use is 1ml (cc or approximately 15-20 drops) per110 lbs body weight. This comes out to 200 mcg/kg of body weight. Ivermectin may take up to a year to completely cure the dog. In severe cases, secondary bacterial skin infection is severe and subcutaneous lymph nodes enlarge with mites present in these nodes.
The second common form of mange in dogs, other pets (and wild animals) is Sarcoptic mange. This microscopic spider-like mite burrows through the layers of the skin causing an intense itch and streaks of reddened skin. After a month or so the skin becomes very crusty. It is spread from one mature dog to another by contact or by contact with objects the infected dog has touched. Humans in contact with these pets will often begin to itch too. This disease in man was once called the seven year itch. It is the disease that back-woods folk and farmers used to cure by rubbing the dog with burnt motor oil. Do not attempt this! The gentlest way of curing this disease (but the smelliest way) in all species of animals is with lime sulfur dips. Oral or injectable ivermectin cures the disease very well too. However, Ivermectin can be toxic in cats. Besides dogs, I see this disease in cats, hedgehog’s raccoons and squirrels.
A third form of mange, psoroptic mange, I see most often in rabbit ears and the area surrounding the ears. All ear-mite medicines cure this disease but the ears often need a soothing antibiotic corticosteroids cream for a week or two to heal.
A form of mange that I see in budgerigars (parakeets) and canaries is knemidocoptic mange. It affects their legs, the base of the beak and their vents. The skin in these areas is thickened and flaky. It responds very well to ivermectin or oily topical products containing rotenone (derris root & cube resin) such as Goodwinol. Goodwinol is difficult to obtain these days, but the active ingredient, rotenone, can be purchased as an organic rose and vegetable insecticide and mixed with margarine.
The reason most mange can be treated with any non-toxic oily product is that mange mites, being arachnids, breathe through openings (sphericals) along their body. Any substance which plugs up these pores kills the mites. The exception is Demodectic mites which live so deeply within hair follicles that oily substances do not seem to affect them.
Does this sound like your dog? He or she is constantly scratching at their ears, one particular spot on their body, or scratching, biting and licking themselves all over. Your pet may even be rubbing their whole body against furniture, the carpet, and any other rough surface.
During a grooming session with your dog, if you observe red, scaly, or flaking patches of skin, or open sores that may be bleeding or that have a discharge, it could be a sign of a skin disorder. Also, if your dog is shedding more than usual, and you notice they have bald spots where clumps of fur have been pulled out, your dog may have a skin condition.
There are several possible conditions that can cause irritation to your dog’s skin and also make his coat dull, lifeless and weaken it enough that he may lose large amounts of his fur even with minimal scratching. Some skin and coat ailments in dogs are harder than others to treat than others. However, your persistence can end your dogs suffering from the intolerable itching and pain of inflammation, infections, and other conditions affecting the health of his skin and coat.
Fleas and ticks are a primary source of skin irritation in dogs, cats, and other pets. These blood-feeders are also carriers of serious diseases such as heartworm and Lyme disease. Other microorganisms like mites, chiggers, and fungi’s can cause canine mange and other skin afflictions in dogs. Dirt and debris picked up from your dog’s environment and held against the skin by his coat can irritate his skin. Chlorine and other pool chemicals, as well as microbial organisms living in bodies of water that dogs come into contact with swimming or by drinking, can cause skin and coat problems. Dogs can develop food and other allergies the same as people do and this can result in uncomfortable skin and coat issues for them. There are even psychological and behavioral reasons some dogs develop skin and coat problems. It is always best to have your veterinarian evaluate and conduct tests on your dog to determine the exact cause of his skin and coat problems and to help decide the best treatment plan for your dog.
When fleas and ticks are the problem, you will want to treat your dog with a product designed to kill these blood-thirsty pests (adult and their eggs) immediately and that continues protecting your dog from them for 3 to 4 weeks between applications. Some well known medications for treating flea and ticks on dogs include collars: Powerband flea and tick collar, and Preventic tick dog collar, orals: Capstar and Sentinel flavor tablets, topical solutions: Frontline Plus, Advantage, Revolution, and Advantix, sprays: Virbac long-acting knockout and Frontline flea and tick spray, and shampoos: EctoKyl CA, Adams, and Soothe 3x flea and tick shampoo.
Treating his environment is also necessary for full protection and helping to prevent re-infestations. Mycodex Environmental household spray, Siphotrol-Plus Foggers, and sprays, and Virbac room, area, and yard applications are popular flea and tick products for your home and yard.
Many of these product for treating fleas and ticks on dogs can also irritate their skin so you may want to follow- up an application of a flea and tick control product on your dog with a bath using a medicated or emollient-rich shampoo for dogs.
Your vet may recommend treating your dog with products like, Animax Topical, Atopica Capsules, and Allergroom and Allermy shampoos to get rid of chiggers, mites, and other parasites.
When the problem is due to a food allergy or a pathogenic infection, your dog is likely to need to be placed on special diet, given prescription medications, and possibly treated at home with medicated shampoos and nutritional supplements, to help correct the problem and help his skin and coat to heal and stay healthy. Allergy shampoos, conditioners, lotions, sprays, and supplement products like Derm Caps in liquid and pill form, Welactin Canine Liquid, and Cyclosporin caplets among others can help sooth a dogs discomfort from irritated skin and promote healthy skin regeneration and a shiny coat.
Your dog’s diet may be to blame for his inflamed skin tissue and lackluster coat. Many brands of cheaper dog foods say they provide your dog with balanced nutrition despite not having the amount of protein your dog needs for healthy skin and coat and for his overall health. Buy dog food containing high amounts of proteins, fats, and other nutrients your dog needs for good health and consider adding supplements such as Omega3 fatty acids, Caps,( which has the Omega 3’s plus vitamins A, D, and E,) ACTIS Omega, and other supplements for dogs in tablet, capsule, or liquids to his diet for greater health protection.
Your dog cannot tell you that he has a skin condition that is causing him unbearable itching and pain. He can only continue to scratch at the irritation making it worse and potentially inviting infections to set in, until you take notice of his discomfort and take steps to remedy the source of his unhealthy skin and coat condition so that he can return to being the happy care-free canine you have come to know and love.
Well Basically Mange Occurs In The Very Best Of Houses And Your Dog Is Just As Susceptible As Any Other.
When you see a dog with mange you instantly think it's been abused in some form and that your puppy will never look like that. Well essentially mange occurs in the very best of houses and your dog is just as susceptible as any other. They lay eggs which turn into larvae which turn into adults who find chums and start laying more eggs and the cycle just keeps going. Mange is a condition due to minute mites that bore into the skin of a dog and live their lives about 1 to 2 millimeters deep. Demodectic mange in your pussies could cause alopecia also but may also cause miniscule red patches that may become highly inflamed.
This skin disorder in your pet is considered extraordinarily dangerous as it can end up in bacterial illnesses in their skin. It is normally local in that it'll affect only little areas of your cat’s body, but if it is harsh enough it'll become generalized, implying that it has effects on big portions. They assist in fighting against mange by increasing your dog’s immunological reaction. Cheyletialla mange is also called walking dandruff as it is due to a bigger sort of red mite that produces scaling or flaking on your pet’s skin that truly looks like dandruff. The products you choose should be endorsed for topical use. Mange is due to mites in your dog’s skin, so to treat mange effectively, you have to shed the mites. Some pure important oils are noxious, so be certain to read the instructions and cares before applying oils to your dog’s skin.
One cheap and acceptable way to kill off mites is to spread an insubstantial layer of petroleum jelly on your dog’s fur. A good medicated shampoo will become successful in treating this mild case of mange. It brings itching and light dandruff over the dog’s body. Sarcoptic is another sort of mange which is more significant, but easy to treat if diagnosed in time. The different indications of Mange are : Hair Loss-this could be a small or a lot, Itching and scratching-This customarily only happens in the areas affected, Red spots, Blisters, and Infection. This sort of mange is infectious to humans. It's exceedingly important when you first spot signs of Mange to see a Vet immediately. One of the largest concerns with mange is the secondary bacterial infection. As symptoms progress your dog will deteriorate with no treatment.